R-22 Refrigerant, the Ozone, and Your Home Warranty

    Are you ready for the R-22 (Freon) phaseout?

    It's all cool (pun intended). Here's everything you need to know.

    Real estate pros and homeowners alike have expressed concern about the R-22 (aka Freon) refrigerant phaseout. On January 1, 2020, R-22 refrigerant becomes illegal to manufacture or import in the US. Once the existing inventory of new R-22 is exhausted, only reclaimed and purified R-22 may be used to repair an air conditioning system.

    Currently, new air conditioners are manufactured using R-410A (aka Puron), a more environmentally-friendly refrigerant.

    How will the R-22 phaseout affect you?

    As availability of R-22 slows, prices for R-22 refrigerant will increase. Homeowners can expect to pay up to $125 or more per pound for Freon if a repair is needed. Without the right home warranty, homeowners could face a considerable expense even if their system is repairable.Air Conditioner

    Bottom line: R-22 is not running out anytime soon, but it will get more expensive.

    Read More on Our Blog

    An ORHP home warranty can help

    Old Republic Home Protection covers the cost of adding refrigerant, including Freon, when completing a covered A/C repair. When necessary, we also cover the conversion of an R-22 system to an R-410A system – which costs thousands of dollars!

    Ease the financial burden of an A/C repair or replacement with a home warranty from Old Republic Home Protection!

    Exclusions and limitations apply. In some states, A/C coverage is an option that must be selected and additional fees may be required. See your current state Plan for complete coverage details.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Why is R-22 being phased out?

    The bottom line is that R-22—or Freon, as it's commonly called—is not good for the environment. It's considered one of the most common contributors to ozone depletion.

    EPA regulations issued under the Clean Air Act phase out the production and import of ozone-depleting substances, consistent with the schedules developed under the Montreal Protocol

    If R-22 is bad for the environment, does it pose an immediate health concern to my family?

    No. Your air conditioning systems and your kitchen refrigerator both use refrigerants in their respective cooling processes. Both use closed systems, meaning the refrigerants are contained in a way that prevents contamination from outside sources, evaporation, and leaks. 

    Should a leak occur, as with any chemical, use caution to eliminate exposure to humans and pets.

    According to healthline.com, limited exposure—for example, a spill on your skin or breathing near an open container—is only mildly harmful. However, you should try to avoid all contact with these chemicals.

    My R-22 air conditioner still works. Do I have to replace it before 2030?

    No. Most industry experts agree that the average lifespan of an air conditioning condenser is about 15 to 20 years, with some systems lasting 30 years or more. Lifespan depends on several factors, including how often you use the system and your local environment. Damp salty air, for example, may deteriorate components faster than arid locations.

    We expect the cost of recycled R-22 to increase as available stockpiles decrease. If your R-22 air conditioning condenser malfunctions, you might end up weighing the cost of repairs versus the cost of replacement. But you do not have to make that decision today if your system is still operational.

    Will ORHP replace a covered R-22 A/C condenser if it malfunctions?

    We will continue repairing covered R-22 A/C systems as long as a viable repair exists. This assumes the availability of parts and refrigerant, as necessary.

    When a covered R-22 condenser fails and replacement is necessary, in order to maintain system compatibility and operating efficiency that meets or exceeds that of the original equipment, we will replace any covered component and modify the plenum, indoor electrical, air handling transition, duct connections, and the installation of metering devices, as necessary.

    A Brief History of R-22 Refrigerant


    1950s

    R-22, more commonly known as Freon, becomes the industry standard for air conditioning refrigerant.

    1970s

    Scientists discover the damaging effects R-22 has on the ozone layer.

    1990

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) orders the phaseout of R-22 to protect the environment.

    1991

    R-410A, commonly referred to as Puron, is invented and patented, creating a safer alternative to R-22.

    2010

    The EPA prohibits the manufacture and installation of new R-22 systems. Older systems are still in service.

    2020

    The EPA bans the production of new R-22; however, recycled R-22 may still be used to repair older systems.

    2029

    Recycled R-22 is still available for repairs through the end of the year.

    2030

    The complete R-22 phaseout achieved.

     

    Top of Page

    Check out a home warranty brochure from your state to learn more.

    Choose a Plan Today